A newly published study on @EClinicalMed by @CUHKofficial aims to formulate a composite model composed of clinical parameters and circulating markers in the prediction of curve progression.
In adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), the continuous search for effective prognostication of significant curve progression at the initial clinical consultation to inform decision for timely treatment and to avoid unnecessary overtreatment remains a big challenge as evidence of the multifactorial etiopathogenic nature is increasingly reported.
This study published on EClinicalMedicine aimed to formulate a composite model composed of clinical parameters and circulating markers in the prediction of curve progression.
This is a two-phase study consisting of an exploration cohort (120 AIS, mean Cobb angle of 25°± 8.5 at their first clinical visit) and a validation cohort (51 AIS, mean Cobb angle of 23° ± 5.0° at the first visit).
Patients with AIS were followed-up for a minimum of six years to formulate a composite model for prediction.
At the first visit, clinical parameters were collected from routine clinical practice, and circulating markers were assayed from blood.
The composite predictive model was constructed for curve progression to severe Cobb angle > 40° with a high HR of 27.9 (95% CI of 6.55 to 119.16). The area under curve of the composite model is higher than that of individual parameters used in current clinical practice.
The model was validated by an independent cohort and achieved a sensitivity of 72.7% and a specificity of 90%.
This is the first study proposing and validating a prognostic composite model consisting of clinical and circulating parameters which could quantitatively evaluate the probability of curve progression to a severe curvature in AIS at the initial consultation.
Further validation in clinic will facilitate application of composite model in assisting objective clinical decision.