As an interdisciplinary team that includes biological and cultural anthropologists, we have issued a manifesto for education in human diversity and unity (see This aims to counteract our country’s current surge in racism and intolerance, and will help students to develop a more open attitude (see

The manifesto opposes the racist manifesto of 1938, originally signed by ten Italian scientists. It aims to respect and uphold human dignity and rights; to promote understanding of human diversity; to build community and solidarity; to nurture empathy and humanity; and to remind Italians that their own identity is rooted in their cultural and genetic diversity.

The final document took into account public feedback (see

Nature 566, 455 (2019)doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-00668-y

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