If approved, 1st Gene Therapy in U.S. for the Treatment of Any Type of Hemophilia
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. (Nasdaq: BMRN) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for Priority Review the Biologics License Application (BLA) to the FDA for its investigational AAV5 gene therapy, valoctocogene roxaparvovec, for adults with hemophilia A. This acceptance by the FDA marks the first marketing application accepted for a gene therapy product for any type of hemophilia in the United States.
The FDA has granted priority review designation to valoctocogene roxaparvovec, which is granted to drugs that treat a serious condition and, if approved, would provide a significant improvement in safety or effectiveness of the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of a serious condition. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) action date is August 21, 2020. The FDA has informed the company that they are not currently planning to hold an advisory committee meeting to discuss the application.
The application is based on a Phase 3 interim analysis of study participants treated with investigational product manufactured by the to-be-commercialized process and three-year Phase 1/2 data. BioMarin has constructed, commissioned, and validated one of the first gene therapy manufacturing facilities of its kind in the world. This award-winning facility is located in Novato, California. Marketing authorization documentation has been included in the applications, and the facility is ready for inspection to support approval.
In addition, the FDA has accepted the premarket approval (PMA) application for an AAV5 total antibody assay intended as a companion diagnostic test for valoctocogene roxaparvovec. With a low prevalence of pre-existing immunity to AAV5, BioMarin estimates that approximately 80% of people with hemophilia A in the US do not have preexisting immunity to AAV5 that would make them ineligible for AAV5-mediated gene therapy treatment. The assay is produced by ARUP Laboratories, a leading national reference laboratory and a nonprofit enterprise of the University of Utah and its Department of Pathology.
“Valoctocogene roxaparvovec has the potential to be the first gene therapy approved in any type of hemophilia and the acceptance of this application and its priority review status marks a significant milestone for gene therapies in general and for the hemophilia community specifically,” said Hank Fuchs, M.D., President, Global Research and Development at BioMarin. “We recognize the decades of scientific research that has allowed us to reach this stage of development. As pioneers in gene therapy, we are proud of the medical and technological innovation represented in valoctocogene roxaparvovec, which is possible because of the scientists who did the early research, clinical investigators, the hemophilia community and the people who work here. We look forward to working with the FDA to bring this groundbreaking therapy to people with hemophilia A.”
“The hemophilia community has been waiting for decades for gene therapies. The FDA acceptance of the filing and initiation of review for the first gene therapy for hemophilia A builds on years of scientific achievements in improving the standard of care for people with bleeding disorders,” said Doris V. Quon M.D., Medical Director, Orthopaedic Hemophilia Treatment Center at The Orthopaedic Institute for Children. “As a treating physician, I look forward to the possibility of having more treatment options for people with hemophilia.”
Regulatory Status in the U.S. and Europe
The FDA has granted valoctocogene roxaparvovec Breakthrough Therapy designation. Valoctocogene roxaparvovec has Orphan Drug designation from the FDA and the European Medicines Agency (EMA).
The EMA validated the Company’s Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for its investigational gene therapy, valoctocogene roxaparvovec, for adults with severe hemophilia A. The MAA review commenced in January 2020 under accelerated assessment.
Recognizing valoctocogene roxaparvovec for its potential to benefit patients with unmet medical needs, EMA granted access to its Priority Medicines (PRIME) regulatory initiative in 2017 and recently granted BioMarin’s request for accelerated assessment of this MAA, potentially shortening the review period. This submission marks the first marketing application under review in Europe for a gene therapy product for any type of hemophilia.