COVID-19 caused by SARS-COV2 infection can lead to multi-organ injuries and significant mortality in severe and critical patients, especially among those individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a comorbidity.
While attenuated mortality was observed with aggressive glucose control, it was unclear whether therapeutic regiments including insulin treatment was beneficial for patients with COVID-19 and T2D.
This retrospective study investigated 689 patients with COVID-19 and T2D from a cohort of 3,305 cases from Wuhan, China.
Unexpectedly, the Authors found that insulin treatment for patients with COVID-19 and T2D was associated with a significant increase in mortality [27.2% vs. 3.5%; adjusted HR, 5.38 (2.75-10.54)].
Further analysis showed that insulin treatment was associated with enhanced systemic inflammation and aggravated injuries of vital organs.
Therefore, insulin treatment for patients with COVID-19 and T2D should be used with caution.